Nunavut is the largest and most northerly territory of Canada. It has an area of slightly more than 1.877 million square km. The largest city and the capital is Iqaluit.
In the Inuit language the name means "our land" or "our homeland". It is a self-governing territory of the Inuit people and has wide autonomy. It was created on 1 April 1999 through secession from the Northwest Territories. Indigenous people make up about 85 % of the population; the majority of them are Inuit. A little over 70 % of the population declare their mother tongue as one of the Inuit languages (unlike First Nations people from the provinces who now mostly speak English).
This is one of the most sparsely populated areas on earth.
Tourists do not visit Nunavut in large numbers; the only way to get there is in fact by small aeroplanes that fly here from only 4 Canadian airports. Nunavut is not accessible by any roads or railways. Within the territory of Nunavut one can move either by own vehicle, local regional bus or in winter through snowmobiling and sleigh or dogsled.