Nova Scotia is the second smallest Canadian province, the smallest being Prince Edward Island. Its capital is Halifax. It covers the peninsula of Nova Scotia on the east coast of Canada and is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean. It includes islands, for example The Sable Island, which is famous and interesting for the large number of shipwrecks that surround the island. Nova Scotia is an Anglophone province, with French spoken by only about four percent of the local population.
Nova Scotia is the Latin for New Scotland and is the recognized English-language name for the province. In French it is called "Nouvelle-Écosse," which is a literal translation from Latin to French. The province was first named in the 1621 Royal Charter granting the right to settle lands including modern Nova Scotia, Cape Breton Island, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, and the Gaspé peninsula to Sir William Alexander in 1632.